About Infant Mortality
Infant mortality is defined as the death of a baby before their first birthday. The infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of babies who died in the first year of life, per 1,000 live births. This rate is considered an important indicator of the overall health of a society.
Most infant deaths occur when babies are born too small and too early (preterm births are those before 37 weeks gestation), born with a serious birth defect, victims of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Sudden Unexpected Infant Death Syndrome (SUIDS), affected by maternal complications of pregnancy, or victims of injuries (e.g., suffocation).
There are also many non-medical contributors to the death of babies, including poverty, lack
of education, under-resourced neighborhoods, poor nutrition and race. Ohio hospitals are
ideal partners to help address the state’s infant mortality rate and engage patients and the community with effective clinical and professional resources.